In developing our programs, we follow the three principles below.

  • Identifying proteins involved in neurodegenerative diseases: each program identifies a specific protein or combinations of proteins central to the development and progression of a neurodegenerative disease
  • Shaping immune responses: AFFITOPEs® are designed to provide substantial specific and long-lasting immune responses against the pathological protein
  • Optimizing clinical response: each product candidate is optimized to enhance immunogenicity and clinical response


We are in the process of preparing for the next stage of clinical trials with our leading SAIT candidates. Please check back later for more information.

You can view our completed clinical trials via the external links below.


Landlinger C, Pouwer MG, Juno C, van der Hoorn JWA, Pieterman EJ, Jukema JW, Staffler G, Princen HMG, Galabova G. The AT04A vaccine against proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 reduces total cholesterol, vascular inflammation, and atherosclerosis in APOE*3Leiden.CETP mice. Eur Heart J 2017;38(32):2499–2507

Grün NG, Zeyda K, Moreno-Viedma V, Strohmeier K, Staffler G, Zeyda M, Stulnig TM. A humanized osteopontin mouse model and its application in immunometabolic obesity studies. Transl Res 2016;178:63–73.e2

Moreno-Viedma V, Amor M, Sarabi A, Bilban M, Staffler G, Zeyda M, Stulnig TM. Common dysregulated pathways in obese adipose tissue and atherosclerosis. Cardiovasc Diabetol 2016;15(1):120

Amor M, Moreno-Viedma V, Sarabi A, Grün NG, Itariu B, Leitner L, Steiner I, Bilban M, Kodama K, Butte AJ, Staffler G, Zeyda M, Stulnig TM. Identification of matrix metalloproteinase-12 as a candidate molecule for prevention and treatment of cardiometabolic disease. Mol Med 2016;22:487–496

Schuch K, Wanko B, Ambroz K, Castelo-Rosa A, Moreno-Viedma V, Grün NG, Leitner L, Staffler G, Zeyda M, Stulnig TM. Osteopontin affects macrophage polarization promoting endocytic but not inflammatory properties. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2016;24(7):1489–1498

Jürets A, Le Bras M, Staffler G, Stein G, Leitner L, Neuhofer A, Tardelli M, Turkof E, Zeyda M, Stulnig TM. Inhibition of cellular adhesion by immunological targeting of osteopontin neoepitopes generated through matrix metalloproteinase and thrombin cleavage. PLoS One 2016;11(2):e0148333

Landlinger C, Oberleitner L, Gruber P, Noiges B, Yatsyk K, Santic R, Mandler M, Staffler G. Active immunization against complement factor C5a: a new therapeutic approach for Alzheimer’s disease. J Neuroinflammation 2015;12:150

Schneeberger A, Tierney L, Mandler M. Active immunization therapies for Parkinson’s disease and multiple system atrophy. Mov Disord 2016;31(2):214–224

Leitner L, Schuch K, Jürets A, Itariu BK, Keck M, Grablowitz V, Aszmann OC, Prager G, Staffler G, Zeyda M, Stulnig TM. Immunological blockade of adipocyte inflammation caused by increased matrix metalloproteinase-cleaved osteopontin in obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2015;23(4):779–785

Mandler M, Valera E, Rockenstein E, Mante M, Weninger H, Patrick C, Adame A, Schmidhuber S, Santic R, Schneeberger A, Schmidt W, Mattner F, Masliah E. Active immunization against alpha-synuclein ameliorates the degenerative pathology and prevents demyelination in a model of multiple system atrophy. Mol Neurodegener 2015;10:10

Mandler M, Santic R, Gruber P, Cinar Y, Pichler D, Funke SA, Willbold D, Schneeberger A, Schmidt W, Mattner F. Tailoring the antibody response to aggregated Aß using novel Alzheimer-vaccines. PLoS One 2015;10(1):e0115237

Galabova G, Brunner S, Winsauer G, Juno C, Wanko B, Mairhofer A, Lührs P, Schneeberger A, von Bonin A, Mattner F, Schmidt W, Staffler G. Peptide-based anti-PCSK9 vaccines – an approach for long-term LDLc management. PLoS One 2014;9(12):e114469

Mandler M, Walker L, Santic R, Hanson P, Upadhaya AR, Colloby SJ, Morris CM, Thal DR, Thomas AJ, Schneeberger A, Attems J. Pyroglutamylated amyloid-β is associated with hyperphosphorylated tau and severity of Alzheimer’s disease. Acta Neuropathol 2014;128(1):67–79

Mandler M, Valera E, Rockenstein E, Weninger H, Patrick C, Adame A, Santic R, Meindl S, Vigl B, Smrzka O, Schneeberger A, Mattner F, Masliah E. Next-generation active immunization approach for synucleinopathies: implications for Parkinson’s disease clinical trials. Acta Neuropathol 2014;127(6):861–879

Neuhofer A, Wernly B, Leitner L, Sarabi A, Sommer NG, Staffler G, Zeyda M, Stulnig TM. An accelerated mouse model for atherosclerosis and adipose tissue inflammation. Cardiovasc Diabetol 2014;13:23

Schneeberger A, Mandler M, Mattner F, Schmidt W. Vaccination for Parkinson’s disease. Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2012;18(Suppl 1):S11–S13

Mandler M, Rockenstein E, Ubhi K, Hansen L, Adame A, Michael S, Galasko D, Santic R, Mattner F, Masliah E. Detection of peri-synaptic amyloid-β pyroglutamate aggregates in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease and in AβPP transgenic mice using a novel monoclonal antibody. J Alzheimers Dis 2012;28(4):783–794

Schneeberger A, Mandler M, Mattner F, Schmidt W. AFFITOME® technology in neurodegenerative diseases: the doubling advantage. Hum Vaccin 2010;6(11):948–952

Schneeberger A, Mandler M, Otawa O, Zauner W, Mattner F, Schmidt W. Development of AFFITOPE vaccines for Alzheimer’s disease (AD)–from concept to clinical testing. J Nutr Health Aging 2009;13(3):264–267